Now a day networking is most important part in everywhere. Every business runs on information wheather the business is privet or government sector, any office banking, dry-cleaning, or application like data maintain , inventory everything needs networking to be successful.the type of informaction change depend on business to business and industry to industry .
Networking allows several computer to transmit data to one computer to another computers easily , networking can help to share any type of date through a wair of wireless connecting system like printer any other computer peripherals.
Supposed you have use internet or connected internet to one computer and have networking installed , then this internet can be shared to another computers to access all internal & external resources , like share file control device , use the same internet connection to another computer .
Types of Networking
The three basic types of networks as below
LAN-Local Area Networks
MAN– Metropolitan Area Network
WAN- wide Area Network
Local Area Network
A local area network (LAN) is two or more computers directly linked within a small well-defined area such as a room, building, or group of closely placed buildings. A LAN may be made up of only computer or any combination of microcomputers laptop and large systems.
A LAN usually structure of the following
- Connect two or more computers
- to Connects Lots of Peripheral devices such as printers, external screen
- Software to control the operation of the computers or other devices connected to the LAN
- Special cables, usually coaxial or fiber optic, to connect the computers and other devices
- A plug-in board to handle the data transmissions.
Some computers require that all the computers be of a certain brand, while others allow a variety of brands to be connected. The number of computers in a LAN varies from smaller LANs that typicall3 connect 2 to 25 computers,